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  • Physiology of Sport and Exercise
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Physical Activity and Type 2 Diabetes in Obesity

Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook

...The worldwide prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing rapidly and now presents a major health problem for both developed and developing countries. This “dual epidemic” is closely related to changes...

The Endocrine System: Actions of Select Hormones

History of Exercise Physiology

Human Kinetics, 2014

Ebook

...Introduction Meeting the demands of prolonged heavy exercise requires the coordinated effort of essentially all the systems of the body. It is clear that the endocrine system has important functions. During exercise, hormones function...

Resting and Action Potentials

Brian R. MacIntosh

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Brian R. MacIntosh, PhD, is associate dean of the graduate program and professor for the faculty of kinesiology at the University of Calgary in Alberta, Canada. MacIntosh is on the cutting edge of research in skeletal muscle and has published more than 50 papers and numerous book chapters in muscle and exercise physiology. He has been teaching undergraduate and graduate courses in these areas for 25 years and is a member of the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology, the Canadian Physiological Society, the American Physiological Society, and the American College of Sports Medicine. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Phillip F. Gardiner

Phillip F. Gardiner (born 1952) is an Australian former lightweight rower. He was an eight-time Australian national champion and won two bronze medals at World Rowing Championships. He made ten appearances for Australia at World Rowing Championships over the seventeen-year period from 1977 to 1994. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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and

Alan J. McComas

Alan J. McComas, MB, is emeritus professor of medicine (in neurology) at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. McComas has more than 40 years of research experience in nerve and muscle. Among his accomplishments in research are devising a method for estimating the number of human motor units in human muscle, showing the importance of the electrogenic sodium pump in delaying fatigue, and carrying out early microelectrode studies of human muscle fibers. He has held named lectureships and is a member of the Society for Neuroscience. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Skeletal Muscle Form and Function

Human Kinetics, 2006

Ebook

...In this chapter, we will consider the nature of the electrical potential that exists across the surface membranes of nerve and muscle fibers, as well as how this potential may suddenly change so as to form an impulse that propagates along...

Activity Regulation and the Need for Energy Balance

Thomas W. Rowland

Thomas W. Rowland, MD, is a pediatric cardiologist at the Baystate Medical Center in Springfield, Massachusetts. He is a professor of pediatrics at Tufts University School of Medicine and was a past adjunct professor of exercise science at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. A graduate of the University of Michigan Medical School, Rowland is board certified in pediatrics and pediatric cardiology by the American Board of Pediatrics. Rowland, who has had more than 150 journal articles published, is the author of three books. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Biologic Regulation of Physical Activity

Human Kinetics, 2017

Ebook

...In the realm of biology, the explanations for structural and functional phenomena are expected to be couched in terms of Darwinian natural selection. Compared to the strictly defined behavior of the macroscopic physical world (Crease...

Muscle Activity

Exercise Biochemistry

Human Kinetics, 2020

Ebook

...After reading this chapter, you should be able to do the following:List the unique or unusual features of a skeletal muscle cell, including the proteins that constitute the myofibrils.Discuss the sliding filament theory.Describe...

Socioeconomic Position and Physical Activity Levels

Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook

...Asubstantial body of research shows that mortality, longevity, morbidity, and quality of life are associated with socioeconomic position (SEP), with more well-off persons and populations experiencing better health outcomes than less...

Psychological Factors and Physical Activity Level

Rod K. Dishman

Rod K. Dishman, PhD, is a professor of exercise science, adjunct professor of psychology, and codirector of the Exercise Psychology Laboratory at the University of Georgia at Athens. He has served as a consultant on exercise to government agencies in the United States, Canada, and Europe. His research has been funded by the NIH, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American Heart Association, and the United State Olympic Committee (USUC). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook

...The brain controls physical activity in different environments and social contexts. This control includes conscious choices that can be either planned or spontaneous and less conscious drives or urges. Inherent and acquired traits...

Physical Activity and Substrate Oxidation

Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook

...The ability to oxidize fuel and generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is fundamental not only to muscular contraction but also to almost every cellular function. Each day we synthesize and consume approximately 50 kg (110 lb) of ATP...

Physical Activity Level and Dietary Intake

Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook

...Obesity is a well-recognized consequence of energy mismanagement in humans. In its classic sense, energy balance (EB) is the sum of energy intake (EI) minus energy expenditure (EE). For decades, this relationship has been a foundation...

Physical Activity and Depot-Specific Fat Loss

Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook

...Maintenance of negative caloric balance, at least for some time period, via increased physical activity (exercise), reduced caloric intake, or both, determines amount of body mass loss. That it is possible to gain or lose adipose or lean...