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  • Physiology of Sport and Exercise
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Physical Activity and Type 2 Diabetes in Obesity

Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook Chapter

...The worldwide prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing rapidly and now presents a major health problem for both developed and developing countries. This “dual epidemic” is closely related to changes...

Physical Activity and Substrate Oxidation

Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook Chapter

...The ability to oxidize fuel and generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is fundamental not only to muscular contraction but also to almost every cellular function. Each day we synthesize and consume approximately 50 kg (110 lb) of ATP...

Socioeconomic Position and Physical Activity Levels

Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook Chapter

...Asubstantial body of research shows that mortality, longevity, morbidity, and quality of life are associated with socioeconomic position (SEP), with more well-off persons and populations experiencing better health outcomes than less...

Psychological Factors and Physical Activity Level

Rod K. Dishman

Rod K. Dishman, PhD, is a professor of exercise science, adjunct professor of psychology, and codirector of the Exercise Psychology Laboratory at the University of Georgia at Athens. He has served as a consultant on exercise to government agencies in the United States, Canada, and Europe. His research has been funded by the NIH, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American Heart Association, and the United State Olympic Committee (USUC). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook Chapter

...The brain controls physical activity in different environments and social contexts. This control includes conscious choices that can be either planned or spontaneous and less conscious drives or urges. Inherent and acquired traits...

Childhood and Adolescent Physical Activity and Risk of Adult Obesity

Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook Chapter

...Regular physical activity may prevent the appearance of risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, or modify their expression, or do both. Among these risk factors, obesity is perhaps primary during childhood and adolescence...

Physical Activity Level and Dietary Intake

Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook Chapter

...Obesity is a well-recognized consequence of energy mismanagement in humans. In its classic sense, energy balance (EB) is the sum of energy intake (EI) minus energy expenditure (EE). For decades, this relationship has been a foundation...

Physical Activity and Depot-Specific Fat Loss

Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook Chapter

...Maintenance of negative caloric balance, at least for some time period, via increased physical activity (exercise), reduced caloric intake, or both, determines amount of body mass loss. That it is possible to gain or lose adipose or lean...

Physical Activity Level and Hypothalamic Peptides

Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook Chapter

...Hypothalamic neurons regulate an array of physiological processes, and the hypothalamus is particularly implicated in the regulation of energy balance. Although significant progress has been made in defining hypothalamic circuits regulating...

Physical Activity in the Prevention of Weight Gain

Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook Chapter

...According to the laws of thermodynamics, obesity is a consequence of long-term (over weeks, months, or even years) positive energy balance, that is, an intake exceeding energy expenditure. Although an overconsumption of energy from a diet...

Physical Activity and Hypertension in Obesity

Physical Activity and Obesity

Human Kinetics, 2015

Ebook Chapter

...Substantial evidence generated over the last three to four decades has unequivocally established a strong association between obesity and hypertension. In 1978, a large epidemiologic study in about 1 million individuals showed that 20...