Topic in Focus: Sport Physiology

This Topic in Focus brings together a carefully curated selection of exclusive instructional material from across the Human Kinetics Library platform on the topic of physiology in sport and exercise. From advanced exercise physiology and the physiology of aging, to the history of physiology and the physiology of cycling, this rich collection is your gateway into this important subject.

Book cover image for Careers in Dance by Ali Duffy

Advanced Exercise Physiology

Advanced Exercise Physiology: Essential Concepts and Applications builds upon foundational topics and looks further into key physiological components to help advanced students gain a deeper level of understanding. Authors Jonathan K. Ehrman, Dennis J. Kerrigan, and Steven J. Keteyian address a wide range of complex topics with evidence-based information and a focused, targeted style. Enhancing the content are learning aids, more than 140 images and illustrations, and practical examples from among clinical patients, healthy individuals, and competitive athletes. Click here to learn more about pulmonary exercise physiology, and the factors that can enhance or negatively affect the function of the pulmonary system.

Book cover image for Conditioning for Dance by Eric Franklin

Physiological Aspects Of Sport Training And Performance

Physiological Aspects of Sport Training and Performance, Second Edition provides an in-depth discussion of physiological adaptation to exercise. Students will learn the importance of an evidence-based approach in prescribing exercise, while sports medicine professionals will appreciate using the text as a primary reference on conditioning and performance of athletes. A range of topics are covered, including environmental influences on performance, hydration status, sport nutrition, sport supplements, and performance-enhancing drugs. Click here to read a sample chapter on the Principles of Training. This online edition of the text includes access to videos of over 40 drills being performed in their entirety, including a dynamic warm-up routine video features 10 warm-up exercises.

Book cover image for Dance Imagery for Technique and Performance by Eric Franklin

History of Exercise Physiology

Exercise physiology research is ongoing and its knowledge base is stronger than ever, but today’s scholars owe much of their success to their predecessors. History of Exercise Physiology (2014) brings together leading authorities in the profession to present this unique resource that is certain to become an essential reference for exercise physiology researchers and practitioners. The contributors to this book believe it is essential for exercise physiologists to understand the past when approaching the future and they have compiled this reference to aid in that process. Eric Franklin’s updated Dynamic Alignment Through Imagery expands on the classic text and offers audio files for dynamic imagery exercises which enable users to discover their natural flexibility and quickly increase their power to move. This chapter traces the history of physiology from antiquity to the early years of the 20th century.

Book cover image for Public Scholarship in Dance by Lynnette Young Overby

Physiological Aspects of Aging

It is important for physical activity instructors to understand the physiology of aging, which is often associated with progressive declines in physiological functions. Though much decline occurs in the cardiovascular system with age, regular physical activity slows the decline and restores function even in the frailest older adults. In this chapter from Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults, Second Edition (2019) Priscilla G. MacRae summarizes the effects of biological aging on the major systems of the body, discusses how exercise affects these biological changes, describes the most common diseases associated with the aging of each system, and then discusses the implications for instructors of physical activity programs.

Book cover image for Attention and Focus in Dance by Clare Guss-West

Cycling Physiology and Genetics

The body is an incredibly complex engine, which explains why scientists are still busily exploring its inner workings after centuries of study. Great advances in genetic technology and understanding have opened new avenues for exploration of how humans respond to exercise. This chapter from Cycling Science (2017) distills some of the basic principles in exercise science, defines the major systems and terminology, and discusses the latest concepts about what limits exercise capacity. It finishes with a look at the new wave of genetic insight into exercise performance and explores the limits of genetics as a predictive tool for identifying elite athletes.

Sport in Focus: Hiking

Discover the outdoors through this carefully curated collection of ebooks exploring key topics such as environmental stewardship, environmental hazards, the mechanics of walking, and more.

Environmental Stewardship

While hiking can be low intensity outdoor activity it can still have an impact on the environment. Soil compaction and vegetation trampling are the most common impacts to the back country and can occur after as little as one night of use. Recreation ecology works to identify, document and mitigate the effects of outdoor activities such as hiking and provide a scientific basis for management. Click here to find out more about the impact that outdoor recreation can have on all aspects of the natural environment, from vegetation and soil to water and wildlife.

Technology and Equipment

In Risk Management in Outdoor and Adventure Programs Aram Attarian describes the role new technology can play in recreation activities. Access to the appropriate equipment can play a significant part in the success or failure of outdoor programmes and have become important tools for adventurers and guides, as well as search and rescue teams. Click here to find out how a personal locator beacon (PLB) saved the life of a hiker stranded in Big Bend National Park, USA.

Overnight Hiking

For many hikers, there exists a reluctance to extend day walks into overnight trips because of the unknown elements. In this chapter, Daniel L. Chase seeks to quell these anxieties by outlining the fundamental skills and techniques that can be applied to overnight hiking. Written to aid teachers and tour leaders preparing students who are new to the activity, Chase provides a step by step guide to planning a safe and enjoyable overnight hike, from hazard evaluation and basic first aid, to outdoor ethics and equipment packing.

The Mechanics of Walking

Bipedal walking is a primary form of human locomotion. This action of putting one foot in front of the other, at a relatively constant speed, is no trivial task. Indeed, scientists and engineers have spent millions creating robots that can perform the feat of walking. This chapter from Biomechanical Analysis of Fundamental Human Movements explores the mechanics and biomechanics of walking, stance, pressure and recovery, with highlighted calculations and examples to aid independent research.

Outdoor Program Management and Environmental Hazards

Guides and outdoor programme providers cannot control natural environments, however it is important to be able to identify and successfully manage these potential hazards. The most effective protection from such natural phenomena comes from experience and education, combined with appropriate equipment, skill, and tactics. Click here to learn how to minimise objective dangers and explore case studies of common hazards that outdoor leaders may encounter.