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Elementary Biomechanics

James Watkins

James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System

Human Kinetics, 2010

Ebook Chapter

1

... vector and scalar quantities.Resolve a vector into two components at right angles to each other.Differentiate between stability and equilibrium. Mechanics and Biomechanics Forces tend to affect bodies in two ways (Watkins 2007): Forces...

The Articular System

James Watkins

James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System

Human Kinetics, 2010

Ebook Chapter

1

... and Watkins 2006). The stability of the tibiofemoral joint is maintained by passive mechanisms (including the shape of the articulate surfaces, the menisci, the ACL and other ligaments, and the joint capsule) and active mechanisms (the...

Mechanical Characteristics of Musculoskeletal Components

James Watkins

James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System

Human Kinetics, 2010

Ebook Chapter

1

... that is, the strain energy stored in the bow, is represented by the shaded area under the load–deformation curve. In the SI system, the unit of work is the joule (J) (after James Joule, 1818-1889). One joule is the amount of work done...

Etiology of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Injuries

James Watkins

James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System

Human Kinetics, 2010

Ebook Chapter

2

... of the technique is the performance criterion (Watkins 1987a). In other sports, such as track-and-field athletics and swimming, the performance criterion is the end result of a particular technique, for example, the time to run 100 m (Watkins 1987b)....

Connective Tissues

James Watkins

James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System

Human Kinetics, 2010

Ebook Chapter

0

...All of the cells in the body are joined by connective tissue into progressively larger functional units that are the tissues, organs, and systems. The whole body consists of all the systems joined together. Connective tissue maintains...

Joints of the Axial Skeleton

James Watkins

James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System

Human Kinetics, 2010

Ebook Chapter

0

...A number of small uniaxial synovial joints are found in the adult axial skeleton, but the larger joints of the axial skeleton and the joints of the pelvis are mainly cartilaginous. In contrast, the large majority of joints in the adult...

The Skeleton

James Watkins

James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System

Human Kinetics, 2010

Ebook Chapter

0

...The skeleton gives the body its shape and provides a strong, protective, and supporting framework for all other systems of the body. With regard to movement, the bones of the skeleton act as levers operated by the skeletal muscles...

The Musculoskeletal System

James Watkins

James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System

Human Kinetics, 2010

Ebook Chapter

0

...All living organisms are made up of one or more cells. The human body, like most organisms, is made up of billions of cells organized into complex functional groups including, for example, the musculoskeletal system. The first part...

The Neuromuscular System

James Watkins

James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System

Human Kinetics, 2010

Ebook Chapter

1

... the course of normal movements. Sliding results in friction—a force parallel to the surfaces in contact that opposes the sliding movement (Watkins 2007). Friction generates heat, and too much heat can damage or wear the surfaces. In machines,...

Structural Adaptation of the Musculoskeletal System

James Watkins

James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System

Human Kinetics, 2010

Ebook Chapter

1

... of time (cumulative microtrauma) and is characterized by a gradual increase in pain and functional impairment (Watkins and Peabody 1996). The training process. The main cause of chronic injuries appears to be overtraining, a training...